Fertility issues are a major concern for the women who are married. The very next questionnaire or trauma faced by many women is related to fertility issues only mostly. Though some may take the situation on a lighter note and move on with the situation. Many women face psychological trauma or disturbances hearing a lot regarding the fertility issues. However, technology and medicine remain advanced in recent times, there is no change observed in the individual’s perspective regarding fertility issues.
Fertility issues may arise both in men and women but mostly women fall under these discussions. Society is ready to poke women mainly related to fertility issues. Observing the statistical data, it is said that 20% of women are now giving birth after the age of 35 years. Before discussing these issues, one should be aware that a woman’s ability to become pregnant declines at a certain age. Is the biological clock running out.
Whenever the girl is born, she is equipped with all the eggs, over 1 million eggs exactly. The egg number declines after puberty. It is said that pregnancy would be easy for younger women who are less than 30 years old. The babies born would be healthy with fewer genetic defects. They also have a reduced risk of miscarriage. The follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is responsible for the development of eggs during puberty i.e. during the menstrual cycle. As the women age and their ability to get a pregnant declines, the levels of FSH start to rise. It interferes with the ovary’s abilities to produce eggs.
Usually, a doctor performs a test on the third day to test her levels of FSH. If these levels are consistently high, the patient is determined to have a very slight chance of becoming pregnant.
Women after 35 years of age will generally opt for fertility evaluation if they don’t conceive after 6 months of having unprotected sex.
Advantages of Middle-aged Motherhood
For the women who have decided to taste motherhood and are likely to begin their family, when they are in the 30s or above, they would likely experience wisdom, stability and even financial security. There would be more time for a healthier relationship to ensure a lifetime of good parenting. Women if they conceive below 30, there are few issues that they might lack financial stability in a few cases.
Women over 35 years do not experience trouble conceiving, for those who do, it is a promising time to become pregnant. With the advancement of technology and the recent advancements in infertility treatments, there are many options available for women of all ages who face difficulty in conceiving. It is said that in every menstrual cycle, there is only a 6-day window open for pregnancy, 5 of which open before ovulation, in which pregnancy can occur. The day after the ovulation, the window of opportunity remains closed until the next cycle. Each time the couple had sex within their fertility window rolls their fertility dice and boosts their chances of conceiving. A couple who has sex multiple times within their fertile window effectively rolls the dice multiple times raises their total chances and becomes a winner. It is very difficult to access why some couples conceive and few don’t conceive. Couples who are actively trying to become pregnant must try within multiple days within their fertile window. Women on their fertile days typically 1-2 days before ovulation, a woman in her late 30s has only about half the chances of conceiving of a woman in her early 20s. The proper time for intercourse is 1-2 days before ovulation, it is especially important for women in their late 30s. There are chances of miscarriages, live births and other pregnancy complications if the pregnancy occurs beyond the 30s. After the woman reaches 37 or 38, her miscarriage chances begin to climb steeply and reach 60 per cent by age 45.
Women who are likely to conceive naturally may experience a miscarriage in their late 30s. Most miscarriages occur during the first trimester. There are 2 per cent chances it occurs after late 20 weeks. The chances of early loss of a pregnancy can be due to chromosomal abnormalities. The risk of chromosomal abnormalities arises with age i.e. when one reaches the 40s. The rate of egg loss accelerates when the women reach 37 to 38 and there is a decline in the antral follicle counts. Once pregnant, women remain capable of carrying their pregnancy to term until well in their 40s. Even the invitro fertilization success rates vary among 40–43-year-old women whose embryos are screened for chromosomal abnormalities. Even several external factors contribute to women’s fertility issues. The factors can be lifestyle habits, smoking, drinking, genetic abnormalities, exposure to pollutants in the womb, male fertility issues and due to sexually transmitted diseases or infections also contribute a lot to fertility issues.
A few key contributing factors affect women’s health in their late 30s.
- The women who have given birth already might have chances of giving birth later in their late 30s.
- The partner’s age matters too if he is over the 40s.
- Women’s lifestyle matters. Drug usage, heavy alcohol usage, smoking and obesity all lowers the chances of women’s pregnancy and raise the chances of miscarriage.
- The fertility rate at 35-40s is the same as the fertility rate at 25-30s and lifestyle changes boost up the odds of conceiving.
- It is advisable for women not to opt for birth control pills if they are willing to have their pregnancy earlier.
It is always a painful trauma women face in society regarding fertility issues. There is always a risk of being unable to conceive or have a child. Human reproduction is a chancy business and it’s certainly like a probability score. In this modern era, women have seen much progress in reproductive technologies such as embryo freezing or egg freezing, which improves the ability to reproduce and increases the chances of fertility and reproduction. However, most women are still scared and remain backward thinking to adapt to these new technologies and to attain the chances of conceiving or remaining pregnant. However, few doctors, gynecologists and obstetricians counsel couples regarding the latest advancements in reproductive technologies and how one needs to proceed further to give birth to a child successfully.