Education

Who is a radiologist?

A radiologist is a doctor who specializes in radiology, often known as medical imaging. To diagnose, monitor, and treat different injuries and diseases, radiologists analyze images.

The following medical imaging techniques are used by all radiologists:

  • X-rays
  • MRI ( Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scans
  • CT (Computed Tomography) scan
  • PET (Positron Emission Tomography) scan
  • Ultrasound
  • Nuclear medicine

 What are the different types of radiologists?

Radiologists can be broadly divided into those who specialize in diagnostic or interventional procedures, however, there is a great deal of overlap and neither category is mutually exclusive.

Diagnostic radiologist

A range of imaging techniques is used by diagnostic radiologists to view inside the body and evaluate or diagnose the patient’s condition. Your radiologist, who serves as an expert consultant to the physician who referred you for testing, plays a crucial part in your health by advising them on the best exam to undertake and guiding the radiology technicians, who run the equipment, in carrying out high-quality tests.

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 There are several different types of diagnostic radiologists listed below-

  • General radiologist (generalist)

– Despite the fact that they will usually have one or more subspecialty ‘interests’

  • neuro-radiologist

– pediatric neuro-radiologist

  • a head and neck radiologist
  • musculoskeletal radiology
  • Chest (thoracic) radiologist

-cardiac radiologist

-respiratory radiologist

  • abdominal radiologist

– gastrointestinal radiologist

-genitourinary radiologist

  • pediatric radiologist
  • breast radiologist
  • forensic radiologist
  • emergency/trauma radiologist
  • oncology radiologist

 Diagnostic radiologists are experts in the following radiology subspecialties:

  • Mammography of the breast (mammograms)
  • Cardiovascular imaging (heart and circulatory system)
  • Thoracic radiology (heart and lungs)
  • Emergency radiology
  • Radiology of the gastrointestinal tract (stomach, intestines, and abdomen)
  • Genitourinary radiology (reproductive and urinary systems)
  • Radiology of the head and neck
  • Radiology of the musculoskeletal system (muscles and skeleton)
  • Neuroradiology (brain and nervous system; head, neck, and spine)
  • Pediatric radiology (imaging of children)

Interventional radiologist

These radiologists are medical professionals who use image-guided, minimally invasive procedures like X-rays and MRI to diagnose and treat patients. Through minute incisions in the body, they gently operate devices to locate the core of a medical issue and administer focused therapies. These procedures provide less danger, discomfort, and recovery time than conventional surgery and are used to treat diseases like heart disease, stroke, cancer, and uterine fibroids.

Different types of interventional radiologists are listed below:

  • A vascular interventional radiologist
  •  Specialist in non-vascular interventional radiology
  • Neuro-interventional radiologist (NIR)

Interventional radiologists are experts in the following radiology subspecialties: 

  • Angiography
  • Angioplasty
  • Embolization
  • Gastrostomy tubes
  • Intravascular ultrasound
  • Placing a stent
  • removing foreign objects
  • IVC filters for needle biopsy
  • Injection of a drug that dissolves clots
  • catheter placements
  • cancer therapy

What does it take to become a radiologist?

To become a dermatologist, you must have finished class XII with physics, chemistry, and biology as major subjects. An applicant must possess the following:

Take the NEET-UG for MBBS admissions.

Pass the admission exam and show up for the counselling session.

Choose a college from the list and apply. Complete your undergraduate studies.

Finish the required internship.

Fill up an application for the NEET PG.

Clear the way and go to the counselling session.

Choose a college from the list and apply. Complete your radiology MD.

Get your master’s degree.

You are now qualified to work in a hospital or clinic.

References:

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/radiologist#:~:text=A%20radiologist%20is%20a%20specialist,and%20colleges%20around%20the%20world

https://www.acr.org/Practice-Management-Quality-Informatics/Practice-Toolkit/Patient-Resources/About-Radiology

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007451.htm#:~:text=Radiology%20may%20be%20divided%20into,in%20radiology%20are%20called%20radiologists.

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/327331

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