Who is A Cardiologist?


A cardiologist is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of various diseases of the cardiovascular system, which includes the heart and blood vessels. They use medicine or diagnostics to treat the symptoms of cardiac problems or disorders. Surgical operations are not performed by them. Patients with both common and complicated cardiac diseases are seen by them.

A cardiac physician can diagnose and treat a variety of Cardiovascular diseases, including:

  • Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
  • Heart attacks
  • Heart failure
  • Arrhythmia (irregularly rapid or slow heart rate)
  • Heart valve issues
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Angina (Chest discomfort)
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Endocarditis (endocardium inflammation)
  • Cardiogenic shock
  • Myocarditis (inflammation of the middle layer of the heart wall)
  • Cardiomyopathy (heart muscle illness)
  • Aortic problems
  • Arterial problems

When Should You Visit a Cardiologist?

If you have any of the following symptoms, you should consult a cardiologist:

  • Breathing difficulty
  • Chest ache
  • Dizziness as a result of fluctuating blood pressure
  • Fast heartbeats on an irregular basis (Palpitations)
  • Erratic chest-pounding

Different tests have been conducted in order to determine particular CVS disease

A cardiologist may ask you to perform the following tests to identify specific cardiovascular disease:

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  • Cardiac MRI
  • Cardiac CT
  • Electrocardiogram (EKG)
  • Cardiac Catheterization
  • Cardiac biopsy
  • Stress test
  • Chest X-ay

Different types of cardiologist

Cardiologists might further specialize in their area of expertise. They are classified as follows:

  • Heart failure specialist
  • Interventional cardiologist
  • Clinical cardiologist
  • Cardiac imaging specialist
  • Cardiac electrophysiologist
  • Cardio-oncologist
  • Congenital heart specialist
  • Peripheral interventional cardiologist
  • Preventive cardiologist
  • Cardiac rehabilitation specialist
  • Geriatric cardiologist
  • Cardio-rheumatologist
  • Critical care cardiologist
  • Sports cardiologist

What Does It Take to Become a Cardiologist?

To become a cardiologist, you must have finished class XII with physics, chemistry, and biology as major subjects. An applicant must possess the following qualifications:

  • After class XII, obtain a bachelor’s degree in medicine (MBBS).
  • Acceptance into a postgraduate program leading to a Doctor of Medicine (MD) in general medicine.

After completion of a three-year MD program, you may pursue a three-year DM in Cardiology to become a Cardiologist.


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