General Health

What is A Full-Body Health Checkup? How To Prepare For It?

Overview

A complete body checkup is essential as it allows individuals to take the necessary precautions in the event of a potential illness. A majority of Individuals believe that health screenings are useless and a waste of resources. However, if we think about it more carefully, these thorough health checkup packages have always proven to be the most cost-effective strategy to avoid costly surgeries in an undiagnosed condition.

A full body checkup is a comprehensive health assessment or diagnostic scan of the entire body, including the heart, kidneys, liver, and lungs, to determine the current health condition and to screen individuals for any obvious warning signals or abnormalities. If there are any signs of dangerous diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, cancer, diabetes, hypertension, digestive diseases, and so on, a health checkup can trigger an alert promptly.

Everyone should have a full-body examination at least once a year to figure out how things are doing and when they have any anomalies or illnesses. It can also warn people about bad habits and encourage people to live healthier lifestyles.

Significance of full-body health test:

Various laboratories offer a variety of parameters and profiles, as well as additional doctor and dietician consultation, in a thorough health checkup. It may also include gynaecology and fitness advice (exclusively for females).

Following are the tests that are performed in full-body screening:

Diabetes profile

  • Hba1c; glycosylated haemoglobin
  • Glucose fasting

Thyroid Profile

  • Total Triiodothyronine T3
  • Total Thyroxine (T4)
  • Total TSH

Lipid Profile

  • Cholesterol Total
  • High-Density lipoprotein Cholesterol
  • Low-Density lipoprotein Cholesterol
  • LDL (Calculated)
  • Non-HDLCholesterol
  • Triglycerides Serum

Complete Hemogram

  • Absolute Basophil Count
  • Absolute Eosinophil Count
  • Absolute Lymphocyte Count
  • Absolute Monocyte Count
  • Absolute Neutrophil Count
  • Basophils
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (Westergren method)
  • Eosinophils
  • Haemoglobin
  • Leukocyte Count Total
  • Lymphocytes
  • Mean cell haemoglobin
  • Mean cell haemoglobin concentration
  • Mean cell volume
  • Mean Platelet Volume
  • Monocytes
  • Packed Cell Volume
  • Platelet Count
  • RBC Count
  • Red Cell Distribution Width

Liver & Kidney Panel

  • A/G Ratio
  • Albumin
  • Alkaline Phosphatase
  • Bilirubin Direct
  • Bilirubin Indirect
  • Bilirubin Total

Vitamin profile

  • 25 – Hydroxy Vitamin D3
  • Vitamin B12

Urine routine examination

  • Bilirubin
  • Casts
  • Crystals
  • Epithelial Cells
  • Glucose
  • Ketones
  • Leucocyte Esterase
  • Nitrite
  • Other Observations
  • Ph
  • Proteins
  • Pus Cells
  • Red blood cells
  • Specific Gravity
  • Urine Colour
  • Urobilinogen

Cardiac Risk Markers

  • Apo B: Apo A1 Ratio
  • Apolipoprotein A-1 (Apo A)
  • Apolipoprotein B (Apo-B)
  • Lipoprotein
  • High Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein (hs-CRP)
  • Homocysteine
  • CK(Creatinine Kinase)
  • LDH (Lactate Dehydrogenase)

Tumour Markers 

  • Free Prostate Specific Antigen
  • Alpha Feto Protein (AFP)
  • Beta HCG
  • CA 19.9
  • Carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA)
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA)

Radiography Assessments

  • Electrocardiogram
  • Chest X-Ray
  • Pulmonary Function Tests (PFT)
  • Ultrasound Sonography Test (USG) – (Abdominal / Pelvic)
  • Treadmill Test (TMT) /2d Echo

Preparation before full body checkup

 

However, there are specific prerequisites that must be met before and after a full bodily examination, failing to do so would almost certainly result in negative outcomes. The actions and techniques that must be followed for a full body checkup are as follows: –

  • Having a good night’s sleep before the checkup – Getting enough rest is just as essential as eating well and exercising to keep the blood flowing and the muscles contracting properly. It is suggested that the individual get at least 6 hours of sleep before any health assessment since neglecting to do so might cause irregularities in the pulse, core temperature, and blood pressure when doing various tests.
  • Food consumption should be monitored for six to eight hours before the tests, as eating or drinking anything might cause discrepancies in reference ranges received for blood sugar and cholesterol testing.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol – Since drinking alcohol is not beneficial for overall health in the long run, it is suggested that people abstain from doing so for at least 24 hours before their health assessment. Alcohol consumption may alter test findings, particularly data concerning liver, kidney, and blood tests.
  • Before assessments, it is advised that individuals must stay away from salty and fatty meals. Consumption of salty and fat-rich meals might cause blood sugar levels to varying, thus affecting test findings. As a result, it is usually better to avoid such foods before conducting testing. Following the testing, one can eat these items in a controlled manner.
  • Refrain from doing strenuous exercise – Both weightlifting and aerobic workouts raise blood flow, heart rate, and pulse rate in the human body. Since the individual is having a complete body exam on a specified day, it is not recommended that he/she exercise. It will help to maintain optimal blood circulation and heart rate.
  • Individuals must carry any preexisting chronic illness diagnoses that they may have – If they have a chronic condition such as high blood pressure or another ailment, he/she should bring the most recent reports of that disease with them. When getting a full-body exam. This will assist the physicians in developing a more comprehensive diagnosis.
  • Check with the physician before using any hypertension medications – If the individual wants to use hypertension medication, it may create side effects that affect the findings of the health assessment. In such cases, it is advised to use such medications only after discussing with a doctor and following his directions.
  • Individuals must wear loose, comfortable clothing because the phlebotomist will require to collect blood or urine samples. So the laboratory can conduct tests relevant to full-body examinations. To make the process of sample collection feasible, wear loose clothing that is both comfortable and provides access to the veins, which is normally where the blood sample is collected.
  • Women should avoid testing during a menstrual period – Females should avoid testing during their menstrual cycle, as well as four days before and after. The urine analysis cannot be done correctly during the menstrual cycle due to blood contamination, which will affect the test results.
  • Avoid X-rays during pregnancy – It is better to avoid X-ray tests during pregnancy to ensure the health of the kid in the womb of females. X-Rays are quite potent and can interfere with both activity and embryo development in the womb.

Author

 Yash Batra

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