The medication is administered to treat insomnia (the inability to sleep or stay asleep) in children. It is also used to sedate children while therapeutic and diagnostic procedures are being performed.

IUPAC name: 2,2,2-trichloroethyl dihydrogen phosphate

Drug class: Sedative-hypnotics

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Route of administration: Oral

Is it a drug that needs a prescription? YES

Is it an OTC drug? NO

Mechanism of action

As a sedative, it acts by boosting the effects of GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid), a chemical messenger (neurotransmitter), which relaxes the brain, decreases anxiety, and helps in sleep.

Side effects

It may cause dizziness, drowsiness, lack of coordination, diarrhea, vision changes, lightheadedness, confusion, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, loss of appetite, skin rash.


Before using this medication, take the following precautions and notify your doctor:

If you are allergic to it, or if you have other allergies,

If you are taking any other medication (prescribed, non-prescribed, or herbal products),

When you have a history of liver disease, kidney disease, breathing problems such as obstructive sleep apnea, COPD -Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, mental disorders, depression, muscle pain.

If you have undergone any type of surgery,

Limit your alcohol usage since it increases your chances of developing blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness. It may also cause a loss of alertness.

Use of this medication should be avoided during pregnancy or breastfeeding.

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