Risedronate is used to prevent the following underlying conditions:
- Osteoporosis in women after menopause
- Paget’s disease of bone
- Glucocorticoid use for an extended period of time causes osteoporosis
- Osteoporosis in men
IUPAC name: (1-hydroxy-1-phosphono-2-pyridin-3-ylethyl)phosphonic acid
Drug class: Bisphosphonates
Route of administration: Oral
Is it a drug that needs a prescription? YES
Is it an OTC drug? NO
Mechanism of action
Risedronate works by inhibiting the activity of osteoclasts (bone resorption). As a result, it helps to prevent the loss of bone density and minimizes the risk of bone fractures.
Common side effects may include nausea, stomach pain, diarrhea, constipation, weakness/tiredness, muscle pain.
Serious side effects may include swelling of joints/hands/legs/ankles, severe pain in joints/bone/muscle, black, tarry stools, pain in chest, severe heartburn, unusual pain in groin/thighs/hips, ulcers in esophagus, rash/itching/hives, change in vision, difficulty breathing, pain in jaw, severe abdominal pain.
Take the following precautions before using this medication and notify your doctor:
- If you are allergic to bisphosphonates or any other allergens.
- If you have a medical history of achalasia (esophageal disorder), swallowing difficulties, low calcium levels, kidney disease, or ulcers.
- If you cannot sit or stand upright for at least 30 minutes.
- If you have a problem with your jawbone or are in pain.
- If you are pregnant or breastfeeding.