The following problems are treated with this medication: 

  •       Alzheimer’s disease symptoms
  •       Vertigo
  •       Dyslexia (learning disorder)
  •       Breathing attacks
  •       Movement dysfunction (myoclonus)
  •       Dementia
  •       Seizures

IUPAC name: 2-(2-oxopyrrolidin-1-yl)acetamide

Drug class: Cognition enhancers; Nootropics

Route of administration: Oral, intravenous, intramuscular

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Is it a drug that needs a prescription? YES

Is it an OTC drug? NO

Mechanism of action

This drug prevents oxygen deprivation by working on the brain and neurological system. It functions by promoting the neurotransmitter acetylcholine’s release, which enhances neural cell communication.

Side effects

It may result in a variety of side effects, including headaches, sedation, nausea, abdominal pain, nausea, weight gain, nervousness, tremors, and restlessness.


Before using this medication, take the following precautions and notify your doctor:

If you are allergic to it or to other drugs, or if you have any other allergies,

If you are taking any other medication (prescribed, non-prescribed, or herbal products),

Children under the age of 8 should not use this drug since its safety and efficacy have not been proven.

If you have or ever had kidney disease, hepatic issues, a urinary tract infection, seizures,

If you have undergone any type of surgery,

Limit your alcohol usage since it increases your chances of developing blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness. It may also cause a loss of alertness.

If you are pregnant, talk to your doctor.

Consult your doctor if you are breastfeeding.

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