The drug is prescribed to treat anxiety and alcohol withdrawal symptoms.
IUPAC name: 7-chloro-3-hydroxy-5-phenyl-1,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one
Drug class: Sedative-hypnotics, benzodiazepines
Route of administration: Oral
Is it a drug that needs a prescription? YES
Is it an OTC drug? NO
Mechanism of action
It acts by elevating GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid), a chemical messenger (neurotransmitter), at the GABA A receptor, which calms and relaxes the brain.
It may cause dizziness, drowsiness, lack of coordination, blurred vision, tiredness, trouble urinating, tremors, loss of appetite, sore throat, nausea, vomiting, rash/itching, and shortness of breath.
Before using this medication, take the following precautions and notify your doctor:
If you are allergic to benzodiazepines (such as lorazepam, diazepam, or nitrazepam), or if you have other allergies,
If you are taking any other medication (prescribed, non-prescribed, or herbal products),
When you have a history of liver disease, kidney disease, myasthenia gravis (a type of muscle disease), obstructive sleep apnea, COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), glaucoma, mental disorders, confusion,
If you have undergone any type of surgery,
Limit your alcohol usage since it increases your chances of developing blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness. It may also cause a loss of alertness.
Sometimes, older adults and children may be more sensitive to this medication.
Use of this medication is not recommended during pregnancy or breastfeeding.