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Nitrendipine

Uses

The drug is prescribed for the treatment of hypertension (high blood pressure).

IUPAC name: 5-O-ethyl 3-O-methyl 2,6-dimethyl-4-(3-nitrophenyl)-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate

Drug class: Calcium-channel blockers

Route of administration: Oral

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Is it a drug that needs a prescription? YES

Is it an OTC drug? NO

Mechanism of action

It works by inhibiting calcium from acting on the heart and blood vessels, which relaxes and dilates the blood vessels and increases the amount of blood and oxygen that can reach the heart and thus helps in lowering blood pressure.    

Side effects

 It could result in lightheadedness, stomach upset, fatigue, flushing, headaches, dizziness, palpitations, and swelling of the hands, feet, and ankles.

Precautions

Before using this medication, take the following precautions and notify your doctor:

If you are allergic to it or to other calcium channel blockers, or if you have other allergies,

If you are taking any other medication (prescribed, non-prescribed, or herbal products),

If you have or ever had cardiac disease (such as congestive heart failure, sick sinus syndrome, aortic stenosis), kidney disease, hepatic issues, intestinal blockage, diabetes, hypothyroidism, COPD – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma,

If you have undergone any type of surgery,

Avoid abruptly discontinuing this medication without first talking to your doctor.

While taking this medication, limit your alcohol usage since it increases your chances of developing blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness. It may also cause a loss of alertness.

The adverse effects of this medicine may affect older people more severely.

Consult your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. 

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