This medication is used to treat the following conditions:
– angina
– hypertension
– preterm labor
– pre-eclampsia

IUPAC name: dimethyl 2,6-dimethyl-4-(2-nitrophenyl)-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate

Drug class: Calcium-channel blockers

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Route of administration: Oral

Is it a drug that needs a prescription? YES

Is it an OTC drug? NO

Mechanism of action
Nifedipine acts by preventing calcium channels. It works by relaxing blood vessels to enhance blood flow in the heart while also reducing the workload and heart rate and helps in lowering blood pressure.
It also works to prevent premature labor by relaxing the uterine muscles.

Side effects
Some of the most common side effects of nifedipine are headache, dizziness, weakness, unusual weariness, flushing, edema, constipation, and muscle cramps.

The following precautions should be taken before using this medication, and notify your doctor:
1. If you are allergic to this drug or any other medication, or if you have any other type of allergy,

  1. If you are currently taking any other medications (including prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, and herbal supplements),
  2. If you have a history of heart disease (including coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure), kidney or liver disease, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or hyperthyroidism, you should consult your doctor.
  3. If you have galactose intolerance,
  4. This drug should not be used in people over the age of 65.
  5. Avoid alcohol because it causes drowsiness.
  6. If you are having surgery

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