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Miglitol

USES

Individuals with type 2 diabetes take the medication to limit the quantity of sugar in their blood from rising too quickly after eating.  

IUPAC name: (2R,3R,4R,5S)-1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)piperidine-3,4,5-triol

Route of administration: Oral

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Drug class: Anti-diabetic drug; Alpha-glucosidase inhibitor

Is it a prescription drug? YES

Is it an OTC drug? NO

Mechanism of action

This drug works by preventing an intestinal enzyme (alpha-glucosidase) from breaking down carbs and absorbing them, so that blood glucose levels do not increase quickly after a meal.

Side effects

Common side effects include dizziness, shakiness, diarrhea, headache, gas, abdominal pain, blurred vision, sweating, tingling in the hands or feet.

Precautions

Before using this medication, take the following precautions and inform your doctor:

If you are allergic to it or have any other allergies,

If you are taking any other medication (prescribed, non-prescribed, or herbal products),

If you have a history of renal issues (kidney disease), liver problems, bowel disease, diabetic ketoacidosis, inflammatory bowel disease, intestinal ulcer

Limit your alcohol usage since it increases your chances of obtaining low blood sugar levels. It may also cause headaches, vomiting, nausea, flushing, disorientation, and anxiety.

You may have dizziness, changes in vision, or lack of awareness as a result of low or high blood sugar levels.

When your body is stressed, controlling your blood glucose level becomes challenging.

Consult your doctor if you get pregnant or if you are breastfeeding while using this medication.

In the case of pregnancy, consult the doctor.

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