This drug is prescribed to manage moderate to severe dementia associated with Alzheimer’s disease.

IUPAC name: 3,5-dimethyl adamantan-1-amine

Drug class: Cognition enhancers; glutamate (NMDA) antagonist

Route of administration: Oral

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Is it a drug that needs a prescription? YES

Is it an OTC drug? NO

Mechanism of action

This medication works by inhibiting the NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptors in the brain, which helps to enhance memory, thinking, consciousness, and the capacity to conduct everyday duties.

Side effects

It may result in a variety of side effects, including dizziness, headache, sedation, constipation, nausea, body aches, confusion, lack of balance, weight gain, and hypertension.


Before using this medication, take the following precautions and notify your doctor:

If you are allergic to it or to other drugs, or if you have any other allergies, 

If you are taking any other medication (prescribed, non-prescribed, or herbal products),

If you have or ever had kidney disease, hepatic issues, a urinary tract infection, seizures,

If you have undergone any type of surgery,

Limit your alcohol usage since it increases your chances of developing blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness. It may also cause a loss of alertness. 

If you are pregnant, talk to your doctor. 

Consult your doctor if you are breastfeeding.

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