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Levetiracetam

Uses

This medication is used with other medications to treat and control partial-onset seizures, myoclonic epilepsy, and tonic-clonic seizures in epileptic patients.

IUPAC name: (2S)-2-(2-oxopyrrolidin-1-yl)butanamide

Drug class:  Anticonvulsant/Antiepileptic drug

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Route of administration: Oral

Is it a drug that needs a prescription? YES

Is it an OTC drug? NO

Mechanism of action

This anti-epileptic medication works by binding to synaptic vesicle protein 2A (SV2A) in the brain which helps in reducing the abnormal activity of nerve impulses in the brain that causes seizures in epileptic patients.

 Side effects

It may cause dizziness, unusual tiredness, loss of appetite, headache, abdominal pain, vomiting, confusion, loss of coordination, sedation, mood changes, sore throat, pale skin, trouble breathing, rash.

Precautions

Before using this medication, take the following precautions and notify your doctor:

If you are allergic to it, or to other anticonvulsant drugs, or if you have other allergies,

If you are taking any other medication (prescribed, non-prescribed, or herbal products),

When you have a history of liver disease, kidney disease, depression, mood changes, unusual negative thoughts,

If you’ve had any type of surgery,

Limit your alcohol usage while taking levetiracetam since it increases your chances of developing blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness. It may also cause a loss of alertness.

This drug’s adverse effects are more severe in older adults and children.

Use of this medication may affect your mental health.

While taking this medicine, the efficacy of birth control techniques may be diminished.

Consult your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

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