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Leuprolide

USES:

It is used to treat the symptoms of endometriosis such as period pain, abnormal or heavy menstrual periods.

In combination with other medication, leuprolide is used for uterine fibroids which causes anemia.

It is used to treat prostate cancer in men.

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Also, used to treat precocious puberty.

IUPAC name: acetic acid;(2S)-N-[(2S)-1-[[(2S)-1-[[(2S)-1-[[(2S)-1-[[(2R)-1-[[(2S)-1-[[(2S)-5-(diaminomethylideneamino)-1-[(2S)-2-(ethylcarbamoyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]-1-oxopentan-2-yl]amino]-4-methyl-1-oxopentan-2-yl]amino]-4-methyl-1-oxopentan-2-yl]amino]-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-oxopropan-2-yl]amino]-3-hydroxy-1-oxopropan-2-yl]amino]-3-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-oxopropan-2-yl]amino]-3-(1H-imidazol-5-yl)-1-oxopropan-2-yl]-5-oxopyrrolidine-2-carboxamide

Drug class: Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists

Is it a drug that needs a prescription? YES

Is it an OTC drug? NO

Mechanism of action

Leuprolide acts by inhibiting the gonadotropin secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle–stimulating hormone as it binds to the gonadotropin releasing hormone receptor.

Side effects

Common side effects may include hot flashes, breast tenderness/pain, tiredness, stomach pain, headache, vaginal bleeding, vaginal dryness/itching, dizziness, swelling of feet/ankles/hands, acne, joint/muscle pain.

Some serious side effects may include bone pain, mouth dryness, increase in the amount of urine, nausea/vomiting, seizures, rash/itching or hives, excess thirst.

Precautions

Following precautions should be taken before using this drug:

If you are allergic to it or if you have any other allergies.

If you have a medical history of heart attack, diabetes, high level of cholesterol, seizures, strokes, osteoporosis, depression, brain tumor, problem in urinating, prolonged QT interval (condition affect heart rhythm), low level of potassium/magnesium in blood, severe vomiting, sweating, fainting.

Prolonged use of this drug may cause loss of bone.

Limit alcohol consumption as it makes you drowsy.

It should not be taken during pregnancy.

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