Fasting blood sugar levels for kids should be between 70 and 100 mg/dl. The fasting blood sugar level is taken four to six hours after a meal, or first thing in the morning, which is when you will likely get the best fasting blood sugar result.
After meals, the blood sugar levels in children will vary between 120 and 140 mg/dl. This blood sugar level is valid for anything up to two hours after the meal. If your child’s blood sugar level is higher than this, you should contact pediatric diabetes specialty services.
What is normal blood sugar for kids by age?
The normal blood sugar for kids aged between 0 and 5 years old ranges from 100 to 180 mg/dl.
While toddler blood sugar levels are generally high, the acceptable blood sugar level for children between 6 and 9 years old will range from 80 to 140 mg/dl.
The early sign of diabetes in kids older than 10 is a blood sugar level that exceeds 120 mg/dl. Your child’s blood sugar level should not be below 70, generally speaking.
How do I know if my kid’s blood sugar is low?
Toddler blood sugar levels that are too low, commonly known as hypoglycaemia, means they have very little glucose in the blood. Blood sugar levels below 70 are considered low. When this happens, the body does not have the source of energy it needs to function properly, and that can have serious consequences.
Hypoglycaemia may be caused by missing meals or snacks, usually, because there is too much time between meals. This can also happen if your child exercises more than usual, has received too much insulin, or if he/she is ill. The illnesses to worry about the most are vomiting and diarrhoea because so many fluids are lost here. Low blood sugar can happen quickly and must be treated immediately. Failure to treat low blood sugar immediately can result in the loss of consciousness for your child. In addition to this, there is a risk of seizure occurring.
Here are some of the more important signs of low blood sugar levels for kids:
Sweating Shaking Anxiety Dizziness Hunger Fast heart beat Impaired vision Headaches Fatigue or weakness Irritability
How To Monitor Children’s Blood Sugar Levels Taking control of diabetes in toddlers and monitoring blood sugar levels for kids requires consistency. The sugar level in your child must be checked throughout the day and at night.
These blood sugar levels for kids are checked by using a blood glucose monitor and performing a finger stick.
You need to check your child’s blood sugar every day for signs of diabetes in kids, right before each meal and just before bedtime. It is critical that you check your child’s sugar levels before bedtime because this is the longest period in the day that your child will go without eating or drinking anything.
Checking your child’s blood sugar for signs of diabetes in kids just before bedtime will help determine if your kid needs some form of snack before going to sleep. Doing this will help avoid a dangerous drop in blood sugar overnight.
Bedtime blood sugar levels require a different kind of care than the blood sugar levels of a child during the day. This is because the child will be going to sleep, and will go the longest period of time without eating.
It is also critically important to understand that the bedtime blood sugar test must be taken a minimum of three hours after the last rapid-acting insulin dose was given, even when dealing with diabetes in toddlers.
If your child’s bedtime blood sugar is taken before a minimum of three hours have lapsed, you will get an inaccurate reading, which can be dangerous for your child. An inaccurate result can result in giving too much insulin or too little insulin, both of which can be detrimental to your child’s health.
If your child’s blood sugar levels are too low, they will need a snack. If your child’s blood sugar levels are too high, your child will need insulin. It is important to take into account the child’s age when taking your blood sugar recordings.
If your child has recently been discharged from the hospital, or when dealing with diabetes in toddlers, it is also important to take a blood sugar reading after bedtime, between 3am and 4am. This should be done for the first three to four days after your child has been discharged from the hospital.
This testing regimen should also apply whenever there is a change in your child’s long-acting insulin, or if there has been increased physical activity, in the late afternoon or evening hours. Meals and bedtimes are not the only times blood sugar levels are checked. Blood sugar levels should be checked if and when your child feels or looks ill. It is also important to check your child’s blood sugar levels before exercise or participation in sporting activity.
It is important to keep track of your child’s blood sugar level, by logging the results of every test that you take on a chart or spreadsheet. This will help you and your child’s doctor identify important patterns. The ultimate goal is also to help your child learn over time, how to manage their diabetes What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Low Toddler Blood Sugar Levels?
What Is haemoglobin A1c?
Hemoglobin A1c is a blood test that tells us the average blood sugar levels over a period of three months. All children younger than 18 years old should strive to have a Haemoglobin A1c of less than 7.5 percent. Your doctor will order this test periodically, to monitor your child’s blood sugar over a set period of time.
A step-By-Step guide to testing your child’s blood sugar
- Wash your child’s hands and that of yours. In a hospital setting, medical officials will wear gloves but that is not necessary at home.
Gather all of the supplies that you need. You are going to need your glucometer, lancet device, lancet needle, at least two alcohol swabs, gauze, and test strips.
Remove the top of your lancet device, to set it up.
Take your lancet needle and insert it into your lancet device.
After you hear the click, twist the top of your needle off and pull upwards.
Carefully put your needle on your lancet device.
Your lancet device has more than one button. Usually, the only push button is the one that you use to launch the needle for your test.
There is also usually another sliding button or pull-back mechanism, which you will use to load your needle. That is to say, get your needle in the right position for the test.
Most lancets also have dials with numbers on them. Sometimes those dials will be at the back and sometimes they will be at the front. Those dials are used to adjust the length of the needle.
Get your glucometer ready by grabbing your test strips, removing one of them, and then loading it onto your glucometer. This will make your glucometer turn on. Once it shows a drop, that means the glucometer is ready to receive a blood sample.
Clean your child’s finger with an alcohol swab. It is better to allow your child to choose the finger on which they would like the test to be done.
Scrub the finger on the side, as the sides have fewer nerve endings. That will make the process less painful for your child. Grab the lancet device and place it on the child’s finger, and press the button.
Wipe away the first drop and use the second drop instead, by applying pressure to your child’s finger. Tap the drop of blood on your test strip. Your test result will be displayed within a matter of seconds.
Conclusion: If your child’s blood sugar level is higher than normal, seek medical advice as soon as possible.