This medication is used to treat specific types of seizures or epilepsy (fits).

IUPAC name: (2,5-dioxo-4,4-diphenyl imidazolidine-1-yl)methyl dihydrogen phosphate

Drug class: Anticonvulsant/ Antiepileptic drug

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Route of administration: Intravenous, Intramuscular

Is it a drug that needs a prescription? YES

Is it an OTC drug? NO

Mechanism of action

This anti-epileptic medicine works by decreasing the abnormal activity of nerve impulses in the brain that produce seizures, hence aiding in seizure reduction.

 Side effects

It may cause dizziness, nausea, vomiting, headache, lack of coordination, constipation, dry mouth, gum damage, unusual eye movements, fatigue, loss of appetite, vision changes, taste changes, rash/itching, swelling/pain at the site of injection, swelling of hands, arms, legs, feet.


Before using this medication, take the following precautions and notify your doctor:

If you are allergic to it, or to other hydantoin containing anticonvulsant drugs, or if you have other allergies,

If you are taking any other medication (prescribed, non-prescribed, or herbal products),

When you have a history of liver disease, diabetes, cardiac disease, mental disorders, unusual thoughts, low level of albumin,

If you have undergone any type of surgery,

Limit your alcohol usage since it increases your chances of developing blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness. It may also cause a loss of alertness.

Consult your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

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