This combination hormone medication consists of 2 hormones: estrogen & progestin which are used to prevent pregnancy (birth control).
It is also used to treat underlying conditions:
- -heavy/irregular periods
- -painful menstruation
- -PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome)
IUPAC name: Ethynodiol diacetate: [(3S,8R,9S,10R,13S,14S,17R)-17-acetyloxy-17-ethynyl-13-methyl-2,3,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,14,15,16-dodecahydro-1H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-yl] acetate
Ethinyl estradiol (8R,9S,13S,14S,17R)-17-ethynyl-13-methyl-7,8,9,11,12,14,15,16-octahydro-6H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthrene-3,17-diol
Product type: Birth control pill
Drug class: Hormonal contraceptive, progestin/estrogen
-Is it a drug that needs a prescription? YES
-Is it an OTC drug? NO
Mechanism of action
This combination inhibits ovulation, reducing the number of ovarian cysts and the hormone-related symptoms of PCOS.
- vaginal irritation/itching
- breast tenderness
- spotting (vaginal bleeding)
- severe pain in stomach
- weakness in hands/feet/ankles
- mood changes (depression, anxiety)
- rash/itching/swelling on the face, tongue or throat
Before taking this medication, tell your doctor :
If you are allergic to estrogen (mestranol, ethinyl estradiol) or to progestin ( gestodene, mifepristone, norethindrone) or if you have any other kind of allergies.
If you have or ever had any of the underlying conditions:-
- unusual vaginal bleeding
- signs of blood clots
- heart disease (heart attack, abnormal heart rate, heart valve disease)
- liver disease (yellowing of eyes/skin)
- kidney disease
- high cholesterol
- high blood pressure
- It may cause melisma, avoid going out in the sun, and always wear sunscreen.
- It may take longer to get pregnant after you stop taking this pill.
- During pregnancy or nursing, this medication should be avoided.