This medication is used to treat absence seizures, also known as petit mal seizures (motionless stare, lack of consciousness, lasting for 10-15 seconds and the person remains unaware). 

IUPAC name: 3-ethyl-3-methylpyrrolidine-2,5-dione

Drug class: Anticonvulsant/ Antiepileptic drug

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Route of administration: Oral

Is it a drug that needs a prescription? YES

Is it an OTC drug? NO

Mechanism of action

This anti-epileptic medicine works by decreasing the abnormal activity of nerve impulses in the brain that produce seizures, thus helping to restore the normal balance of nerve activity.

 Side effects

It may cause dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, headache, lack of coordination, loss of appetite, weight loss, fever, chills, diarrhea, sore throat, exhaustion, abnormally negative thinking, joint pain/swelling, rash/itching.


Before using this medication, take the following precautions and notify your doctor:

If you are allergic to it, or if you have other allergies,

If you are taking any other medication (prescribed, non-prescribed, or herbal products),

When you have a history of liver disease, kidney disease, depression, psychosis,

If you have undergone any type of surgery,

Limit your alcohol usage since it increases your chances of developing blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness. It may also cause a loss of alertness.

This drug’s adverse effects are more severe in older adults.

This medication may affect your mental health.

Consult your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding

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