Taking this medication along with a healthy diet and exercise can help manage high blood sugar levels in individuals with type 2 diabetes. The medication has also been used to reduce the risk of heart disease in people with type 2 diabetes.

Drug class: Anti-diabetic drug; Glucagon like peptide-1 analogue; Incretin mimetic

Route of administration: Subcutaneous

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Is it a drug that needs a prescription? YES

Is it an OTC drug? NO

Mechanism of action

The medication promotes insulin production in the pancreas, which helps move glucose from the bloodstream to other body tissues when blood sugar levels are high. Furthermore, this medication slows digestion and decreases hunger. 

Side effects

It may cause nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, loss of appetite, anxiety, dizziness, headache, weakness, mouth drying, weight loss, hypoglycemia (low blood sugar level), rash/itching, fast heartbeat, pain/redness at the site of injection, trouble breathing, sweating, shakiness, tingling of hands & feet. 


Before using this medication, take the following precautions and inform your doctor:

If you are allergic to it or have any other allergies,

If you are taking any other medication (prescribed, non-prescribed, or herbal products),

If you have a history of renal issues (kidney disease), liver disease, pancreas disease, gallbladder stone, thrombocytopenia (blood disorder), stomach/abdominal disease,

 Type 1 diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis cannot be treated with this medication.

Limit your alcohol usage since it increases your chances of obtaining low blood sugar levels. It may also cause headaches, vomiting, nausea, flushing, disorientation, and anxiety.

You may have dizziness, changes in vision, or lack of awareness as a result of low or high blood sugar levels.

When your body is stressed, controlling your blood glucose level becomes challenging.

Consult your doctor if you get pregnant or if you are breastfeeding while using this medication.

In case of pregnancy consult your doctor. 

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