This combination hormone medication consists of 2 hormones: estrogen and progestin, which is used for:
- birth control ( prevent pregnancy)
- menstruation pain
- heavy/irregular periods
- premenstrual disorder
IUPAC name: Desogestrel 3-deketo-11-methylene-17α-ethynyl-18-methyl-19-nortestosterone
Ethinyl estradiol (8R,9S,13S,14S,17R)-17-ethynyl-13-methyl-7,8,9,11,12,14,15,16-octahydro-6H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthrene-3,17-diol
Product type: Birth control pill
Drug class: Contraceptive, oral, estrogen/progestins
Is it a drug that needs a prescription? YES
Is it an OTC drug? NO
Mechanism of action
This combination works by inhibiting ovulation which decreases the number of ovarian cysts and decreases hormone-related symptoms of PCOS.
- vaginal irritation
- breast tenderness
- increase in vaginal discharge
- water retention
Before using this combination, tell your doctor:
- If you are allergic to estrogen (mestranol, Ethinyl estradiol) or progestin ( desogestrel, norethindrone) or if you have any other kind of allergies.
- If you have or ever had a history of stroke, weakness, severe headache, signs of blood clots, heart attack, chest pain, high blood pressure, liver disease (yellowing of skin/eyes), loss of appetite, swelling in hands/feet/ankles, edema, high cholesterol, diabetes, migraine.
- It may cause melasma, avoid going out in the sun, and always wear sunscreen.
- It may take longer to get pregnant after you stop taking this pill.
- During pregnancy, this medication should be avoided.