The drug is prescribed to treat anxiety and alcohol withdrawal.

IUPAC name: 7-chloro-4-hydroxy-N-methyl-5-phenyl-3H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-imine

Drug class: Sedative-hypnotics; benzodiazepines; anti-anxiety drug

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Route of administration: Oral

Is it a drug that needs a prescription? YES

Is it an OTC drug? NO

Mechanism of action

It acts by elevating GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid), a chemical messenger (neurotransmitter), at the GABA A receptor, which calms and relaxes the brain. 

Side effects

It may cause dizziness, drowsiness, lack of coordination, constipation, blurred vision, tiredness, trouble urinating, tremors, loss of appetite, sore throat, nausea, vomiting, rash/itching, and shortness of breath.


Before using this medication, take the following precautions and notify your doctor:

If you are allergic to benzodiazepines (such as lorazepam, diazepam, or nitrazepam), or if you have other allergies,

If you are taking any other medication (prescribed, non-prescribed, or herbal products),

When you have a history of liver disease, kidney disease, cardiac disease, glaucoma, breathing/lung problem such as COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease),

If you have undergone any type of surgery,

Limit your alcohol usage since it increases your chances of developing blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness. It may also cause a loss of alertness.

Sometimes, older adults and children may be more sensitive to this medication.

Use of this medication is not recommended during pregnancy or breastfeeding.

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