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Carbamazepine

Uses

This medication is used to treat specific types of seizures (fits) and nerve pain (trigeminal neuralgia).

IUPAC name: benzo[b][1]benzazepine-11-carboxamide

Drug class: Anticonvulsant/ Antiepileptic drug

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Route of administration: Oral

Is it a drug that needs a prescription? YES

Is it an OTC drug? NO

Mechanism of action

This anti-epileptic medicine works by decreasing the abnormal activity of nerve impulses in the brain that produce seizures, thus helping to restore the normal balance of nerve activity.

 Side effects

It may cause dizziness, nausea, vomiting, headache, lack of coordination, dry mouth, trouble with speech, confusion, constipation, fatigue, loss of appetite, vision changes, rash/itching.

Precautions

Before using this medication, take the following precautions and notify your doctor:

If you are allergic to it, or to other anticonvulsant drugs, or if you are allergic to sorbitol,

If you are taking any other medication (prescribed, non-prescribed, or herbal products),

When you have a history of liver disease, kidney disease, cardiac disease, glaucoma, diabetes, depression, anemia, porphyria, low levels of calcium or sodium in the blood, bone marrow depression,

If you have undergone any type of surgery,

Limit your alcohol usage since it increases your chances of developing blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness. It may also cause a loss of alertness.

Avoid going out in the sun without applying sunscreen while using this drug.

Consult your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

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