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Canagliflozin

Uses

Individuals with type 2 diabetes can use this medication to manage high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia). Depending on the patient’s condition, it can be used alone or with other medications, along with a balanced diet (appropriate diet and exercise).

 IUPAC name: (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[3-[[5-(4-fluorophenyl)thiophen-2-yl]methyl]-4-methylphenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-3,4,5-triol

Drug class: Anti-diabetic drug; sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor

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Route of administration: Oral

Is it a drug that needs a prescription? YES

Is it an OTC drug? NO

Mechanism of action

The anti-diabetic drug works by allowing the kidneys to eliminate the excess glucose from the body through urine so that blood sugar levels can be reduced. 

 Side effects

It may cause nausea, urinary tract infection, frequent urination, abdominal pain, vomiting, painful urination, genital infections, dizziness, weakness.

Precautions

Before using this medication, take the following precautions and inform your doctor:

If you are allergic to it or have any other allergies,

If you are taking any other medication (prescribed, non-prescribed, or herbal products),

If you have a history of cardiac disease, urinary tract infection, pancreatic disease, urination problems, hepatic disease (liver disease), renal issues, dehydration, low blood pressure, genital yeast infection in men and women, undergoing surgery, having low sodium levels.

 Type 1 diabetes & diabetic ketoacidosis cannot be treated with this medication.

Limit your alcohol usage since it increases your chances of obtaining low blood sugar levels. It may also cause headaches, vomiting, nausea, flushing, disorientation, and anxiety.

You may have dizziness, changes in vision, or lack of awareness as a result of low or high blood sugar levels.

When your body is stressed, controlling your blood glucose level becomes challenging.

Consult your doctor if you get pregnant or if you are breastfeeding while using this medication.

In the case of pregnancy, consult the doctor.

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