General Health

Can Overeating Gluten cause Celiac Disease?

Gluten, a common protein found in wheat, barley, and rye, is detrimental to the health of people with celiac disease. In people with celiac, eating even a tiny amount of gluten can trigger an immune response that can damage the small intestine and cause several health problems.

But is gluten bad for your health even when you don’t have celiac disease? Does eating a lot of gluten increase the risk of getting the celiac disease later?

What is the reason behind Celiac disease?

Celiac disease causes are complex and include several factors, including genetics. Nearly everyone affected with celiac disease has variations in the genes DQ2 and DQ8. Apart from genetic variation, environmental factors and infections can cause celiac disease. Not only this, some studies have suggested that your race and gut flora can play an essential role in increasing the risk of celiac disease.

Without risk factors, the celiac disease usually does not develop.

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Gluten sensitivity:- Can you go gluten-free without having celiac disease?

There are specific tests that can help in diagnosing Celiac disease. But if those tests come out to be negative and you don’t have Celiac disease, can eating gluten make you feel awful?

This might be the case with people who suffer from gluten sensitivity or gluten intolerance. Gluten intolerance is a condition in which people have trouble digesting gluten, but unlike in celiac disease, they do not develop intestinal damage. Symptoms of gluten sensitivity include abdominal pain, bloating, abnormal bowel movements, fatigue, headaches, nausea or vomiting.

People suffering from non-celiac gluten sensitivity may feel unwell when they eat gluten but test negative for celiac.

Should you go gluten-free even if you don’t have Celiac disease?

Even if you don’t have celiac disease or gluten intolerance, you may consider leading a gluten-free lifestyle as it is healthier. However, good gluten-free items are not necessarily more nutritious than their gluten-containing counterparts. Moreover, eating gluten doesn’t cause celiac disease in people without risk factors for the same.

Gluten-containing food items offer several nutritional benefits as well. Including food items like fruits, vegetables, grains, legumes, and lean protein can help lead a healthy lifestyle.

 Myths surrounding celiac disease

One of the most common myths surrounding Celiac disease is that it always causes diarrhoea. Celiac Disease affects the whole body and not just the digestive system. Also, celiac disease can develop in people who do not have diarrhoea. Common symptoms associated with celiac disease are bone pain, joint pain, fatigue, headache, infertility, mental health problems, and skin rash. You should consult a healthcare provider if you think you have celiac disease. Some of the risk factors for developing the celiac disease are a close family member having celiac disease, those suffering from health conditions like Type 1 diabetes, liver diseases, autoimmune disorders, and people complaining about having symptoms of celiac disease.

Many people suffer from Celiac disease, yet are not aware of it. Discussing your health problems with the healthcare provider regularly can help you diagnose this disease early. Moreover, appropriate preventive steps can be taken to decrease its progress.


Tuhina Mishra

Dr. Tuhina Mishra completed her MBBS from Grant Government Medical College in the year 2021. She has published several research papers in Indian and international journals. She is a recipient of the ICMR-STS award in the year 2019. She is a staunch believer in making research an integral part of the medical curriculum. She has volunteered in several NGOs, healthcare startups, and awareness programs.

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