General Health

Can Diabetes Lead to Stomach Pain?

Diabetes and Stomach Pain

An estimated 537 million persons worldwide have diabetes. Compared to high-income countries, prevalence has been increasing more quickly in low- and middle-income nations. Diabetic complications include kidney disease, heart attacks, strokes, blindness, and lower-limb amputations. Either insufficient insulin production causes the condition of the pancreas or inefficient insulin utilization by the body. A hormone called insulin controls blood sugar. Uncontrolled diabetes frequently results in hyperglycemia, or elevated blood sugar, which over time seriously harms numerous bodily systems, including the neurons and blood vessels.

The vagus nerve, which regulates how quickly your stomach empties, is one of them. Slow digestion results in food remaining in the body longer than it should when damaged. The medical term for this is gastroparesis. You may feel ill and vomit. It’s detrimental to your blood sugar levels as well. Type 2 diabetics can also develop it, even though type 1 diabetics are more likely to do so.

Many factors might contribute to nausea, heartburn, or bloating, but for people with diabetes, you shouldn’t ignore these typical digestive problems. Because gastroparesis, a disorder that affects how you digest food, can result from high blood sugar levels. The most typical recognized cause of gastroparesis is diabetes. You can control gastroparesis by managing your diabetes. Additionally, it may aid in delaying or avoiding other grave health issues. You’ll continue to feel better now and in the future if you can keep your glucose levels within your target range.

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Digestion and Diabetes

Diarrhea and heartburn are just two symptoms that diabetes can cause when it affects the entire digestive tract. Gastroparesis is the digestive system’s primary side effect of diabetes.

Gastroparesis: What Is It?

Digestion is affected by gastroparesis, commonly known as delayed gastric emptying. Even though nothing is stopping the stomach or small intestine, gastroparesis causes the food to pass into the small intestine to slow down or stop.

The vagus nerve, which regulates the stomach and small intestine muscles, is injured in gastroparesis, which causes food to travel more slowly or not at all. Damage to more stomach cells can hinder the stomach from releasing its contents.

Risk and incidence

One typical consequence of diabetes is gastroparesis. Diabetic gastroparesis will affect 20 to 50 percent of patients with diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes and those with type 2 diabetes for more than ten years are more likely to get gastroparesis. Risk factors linked to a higher incidence of diabetic gastroparesis include:

  • Poor blood sugar management.
  • Retinopathy (damage to the light-sensing tissue at the back of the eye).
  • Neuropathy (nerve damage).

The risk factors for gastroparesis include being female, smoking, and obesity.

Diabetic Gastroparesis Symptoms

Diabetic gastroparesis signs and symptoms include:

  • Bloating
  • Belching
  • Heartburn
  • Poor appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Tests and Diagnosis

A healthcare professional will examine you, ask questions about your symptoms and medical history, order several tests, and diagnose gastroparesis. During the investigation, they will take your blood pressure, search for indications of malnutrition and dehydration, and listen for any peculiar sounds or tenderness in your abdomen.

When someone is diagnosed with diabetes, the first change they make is to their eating habits. Consuming fiber-rich foods, such as beans, vegetables, and fruits, is frequently advocated. These meals’ high fiber content fills you up without packing extra calories and lowers unhealthy cholesterol levels. However, consuming too much fiber can result in gas, bloating, and stomach pain. Therefore, it is not advisable to abruptly increase your fiber consumption. The most excellent strategy for preventing bloating, gas, and stomach discomfort is gradually increasing your consumption. You should discard the water that legumes and lentils have been soaking in. Additionally, it could lessen the gas and bloat.

Conclusion

Diabetes management is challenging. Along with taking the prescribed drugs, you must alter your lifestyle to manage the illness. Diabetes patients may also experience changes in their digestive system’s sounds, sensations, and reactions. It may occasionally also result in stomach discomfort. Diabetes can have an impact on numerous body components over time. The symptoms of gastroparesis cannot be cured, but you can control them.

References:

  1. https://www.endocrineweb.com/conditions/diabetes/diabetic-gastroparesis-know-symptoms-treatment-options
  2. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/life-style/health-fitness/health-news/diabetic-stomach-pain-what-is-it-why-it-happens-and-home-remedies-to-treat-it/photostory/85867283.cms?picid=85867335
  3. https://www.eatingwell.com/article/290766/diabetic-stomach-pain-reasons-and-remedies/

Author

Navya Koshi

Navya Mariam Koshi is a diligent, self-motivated Pharm D graduate using this platform to leverage her skills in this field to provide excellent and exceptional health care services to the public.

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