Bromocriptine is used to treat certain underlying conditions:
- hyperprolactinemia (high level of prolactin)
- acromegaly (overproduction of growth hormone)
- signs & symptoms of Parkinson’s disease
- tremors, stiffness, slow movements, and unsteadiness
- Type 2 diabetes (when taken with other medications)
IUPAC name: (6aR,9R)-5-bromo-N-[(1S,2S,4R,7S)-2-hydroxy-7-(2-methylpropyl)-5,8-dioxo-4-propan-2-yl-3-oxa-6,9-diazabicyclo[7.3.0.02,6]dodecan-4-yl]-7-methyl-6,6a,8,9-tetrahydro-4H-indolo[4,3-fg]quinoline-9-carboxamide
Drug class: Dopamine receptor agonist
Route of administration: Oral
Is it a drug that needs a prescription? YES
Is it an OTC drug? NO
Mechanism of action
- It works by decreasing the amount of prolactin to treat hyperprolactinemia.
- It acts by decreasing the amount of growth hormone to treat acromegaly.
- It treats Parkinson’s disease by stimulating the nerves that control movement.
Common side effects may include:
Serious side effects:
- runny nose
- blurred/impaired vision
- change in the amount of urine
- severe stomach pain
- weakness of arms/legs
- black/ bloody stools
- swelling of feet/ankles/legs
- pain in chest
Before using this medication tell your doctor:
- If you are allergic to bromocriptine; or another ergot medications (including ergotamine, dihydroergotamine, ergoloid mesylates, methysergide); or to any other medication or ingredient in bromocriptine.
- If you are taking other medications such as prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, herbal drug products, multivitamins, nutritional supplements.
- If you have ever had a medical history of high/ low blood pressure, heart problems (including heart attack, coronary heart disease, abnormal heartbeats), mental illness, migraine headaches, bleeding/ulcers in the stomach or intestine, Raynaud’s syndrome, galactose intolerance, deficiency of lactose, glucose-galactose malabsorption, schizophrenia, depression, psychosis.
- Limit alcoholic consumption as it makes you drowsy, loss of alertness may occur.
- This medication should be taken when needed during pregnancy.
- This medication may slow or stop breast milk production. This medication is not recommended during breastfeeding.