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Atorvastatin

Uses

The drug is prescribed to reduce bad cholesterol (LDL) and other fatty compounds (such as triglycerides) in the blood while increasing good cholesterol (HDL).

Additionally, it helps to prevent heart attacks and strokes and lowers the chance of developing the cardiac illness.

IUPAC name: (3R,5R)-7-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)-3-phenyl-4-(phenyl carbamoyl)-5-propan-2-ylpyrrol-1-yl]-3,5-dihydroxyheptanoic acid

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Drug class: Hypolipidaemic drug

Route of administration: Oral 

This drug needs a prescription and it’s not an OTC drug

Drug Action Mechanism

Atorvastatin is an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor (statin). It prevents the production of HMG-CoA-reductase, an enzyme essential for the body to create cholesterol. As a result, it reduces triglycerides and LDL cholesterol while increasing HDL cholesterol (HDL).

Adverse effects 

Atorvastatin’s side effects include diarrhoea, headache, nausea, weariness, body discomfort, weakness, joint pain, urinary tract infection, yellowing of the skin or eyes, loss of appetite, and muscle soreness. 

Precautions

It is advisable to consult a doctor or physician before taking this medication. 

  • Avoid the usage of this medication, if the patient is allergic to this drug, or has any other allergies if the patient is on any other medication (i.e., prescribed, non-prescribed or usage of any herbal products) if the patient suffers from a hepatic disease, renal issues, thyroid disorder i.e., hypothyroidism 
  • While taking this drug, avoid alcohol consumption as it leads to liver damage. Avoid the usage of this medication, if the patient has undergone any type of surgery i.e., dental or eye surgery. This medication has adverse effects on old people
  • This medication is not recommended for pregnant or breastfeeding women.

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