This medication is used to treat anxiety and panic disorder.
IUPAC name: 8-chloro-1-methyl-6-phenyl-4H-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a][1,4]benzodiazepine
Drug class: Sedative-hypnotics, benzodiazepines
Route of administration: Oral
Is it a drug that needs a prescription? YES
Is it an OTC drug? NO
Mechanism of action
It acts by elevating GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid), a chemical messenger (neurotransmitter), at the GABA A receptor, which has a calming effect on the brain and nerves (central nervous system).
There is a possibility that alprazolam may cause dizziness, drowsiness, lightheadedness, constipation, nausea, headache, fatigue, increased saliva production, changes in sexual drive, rash/itching, and shortness of breath.
Before using this medication, take the following precautions and notify your doctor:
If you are allergic to benzodiazepines (such as lorazepam, oxazepam, or nitrazepam), or if you have other allergies,
If you are taking any other medication (prescribed, non-prescribed, or herbal products),
When you have a history of liver disease, kidney disease, myasthenia gravis (a type of muscle disease), obstructive sleep apnea, COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), glaucoma, mental disorders,
If you have undergone any type of surgery,
Limit your alcohol usage since it increases your chances of developing blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness. It may also cause a loss of alertness.
Sometimes, older adults and children may be more sensitive to this medication.
Use of this medication is not recommended during pregnancy or breastfeeding.